APA Interview Citation

Interviews in Research Papers


Interviews are usually conducted to gain an in-depth knowledge of a research topic, thus a researcher should know how to create an APA interview citation. Needless to say, there are also other types of unconventional materials that a researcher can use to complete his or her research, and an interview is only of these reference materials.


An APA interview citation, according to the APA manual should only appear as an in-text citation, that is, it should only be cited in the main body of the research paper and should not appear in the list of references. Below is a table that best illustrates how to create an APA interview citation.


Type of Reference Material

APA Format

Citations in the Reference List

Personal interview (Interviewee’s Name, A., personal communication, Month Day, Year of Interview)


*Format for in-text parenthetical citation

(Villegas, E., personal communication, December 7, 2006)


*Take note that the above example is an in-text parenthetical citation, not a citation in the reference list. This means that it should appear right after a passage from the personal interview was discussed in the main body. A personal interview should not appear in the reference list since this material cannot be retrieved by other researchers.

*Reference materials such as e-mails and personal correspondence are not to be included in the reference list because they cannot be retrieved or used by future researchers.

Personal interview that you posted on your blog Author’s Name, A. or Writer’s Screen Name. (Year, Month Day of Post). Title of blog post [Web log post]. Retrieved from URL Bioware_Community. (2012, April 2). Interview with senior writer John Dombrow [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://blog.bioware.com/ 2012/04/02/interview-with-senior-writer-john-dombrow/


*If you decide to transcribe your interview and post it on a blog, the APA interview citation would follow the citation format of a blog post.

*Only the first words in the blog post title and subtitle, as well as proper nouns, are capitalized.

Published interview Author’s Name, A. (Year of publication). Title of article. In Name of Website. Retrieved from URL ScienceWatch.com. (2012). Shinichi Nakagawa on improving statistical reporting. In Science Watch. Retrieved from http://sciencewatch.com/dr/fmf/ 2012/12janfmf/12janfmfNaka/


*If you have referred to interviews conducted by other researchers, follow the format of the source where you’ve located the interview. Thus, if the interview you have mentioned in your research paper was published in a book or in a journal article, use the APA format for a book or journal article citation.

File of interview available online Name of Interviewer, A. (Interviewer), & Name of Interviewee, A. (Interviewee). (Year of interview). Title of interview [Interview audio file]. Retrieved from Name of Site Web site: URL Pasquier, M. (Interviewer), & Wilson, J. (Interviewee). (2012). Interview with John Wilson [Interview audio file]. Retrieved from The Journal of Southern Religion Web site: http://jsr.fsu.edu/ new-media/podcast/jeff-wilson.html


*The “interview audio file” can be replaced with “interview transcript” should the researcher use the latter itself for his or her research.


Using interviews as part of your research adds not only a deeper perspective to your paper but also new knowledge to your field of study since future researchers can refer to your published material for their paper to cite an interview that you have conducted.